Crypto-Jews are also known as Anousim, Anusim, Conversos and were formerly known as Marranos (“Marranos” is still used in Portuguese-speaking communities).
Anousim Centers & Conferences
International Conference on Bnei Anousim C0-sponsored by Kulanu – Address by Bonita Nathan Sussman (2016)
The Anusim Center in El Paso, Texas is connected to the Jewish Federation. There is no longer an active web site. Contact can be made through Rabbi Steven Leon.
The International Institute of Secret Jews (Anousim) Studies Astonishingly, millions of people in the world retain remnants of Jewish traditions, yet they remain completely unaware of their Jewish roots. These people are secret or crypto-Jews and are the descendents of the Secret Jews (Anusim in Hebrew), Jews who were forced to convert to Christianity during the Inquisition in Spain. Many fled Spain for Portugal, North and South America, and many other countries to escape the depredations and brutality of the Inquisition. The International Institute for Secret Jews Studies investigates this unique phenomenon, and where possible, tries to rescue these descendents and help reunite them with their stolen Jewish legacy.
The Institute for Sefardi and Anousim Studies (ISAS) at Netanya Academic College in Israel was created in response to the incredible phenomenon of the descendants of the forced converts (Anousim) in medieval Spain and Portugal awakening to their Jewish heritage.
The ISAS promotes research on the historical and contemporary development of the crypto-Jews of Iberian origin, as well as other groups such as the Mashadis of Iran. We offer seminars, courses, and conferences to educate the public about this phenomenon and its contemporary ramifications in Israel and around the world. We also offer assistance to those seeking confirmation of their Jewish ancestry through genealogical research.
Sephardim Hope International is a benevolent international non-profit organization to bring the message of the Sephardic Anusim Jews (the descendents of the forcibly converted ones) from Spain to the awareness of the Jews, Gentiles and the world. This is a prophetic message of hope and part of the story of Biblical Zionism.
Society for Crypto-Judaic Studies SCJS has established itself as the preeminent association dedicated to fostering research in the historical and contemporary development of Sephardic crypto-Jews. SCJS also provides a venue for the descendants of crypto-Jews, scholars, and other interested parties to network and discuss pertinent issues. As an international forum, it creates opportunities for sharing personal narratives, as well as new and relevant data of interest to our diverse membership. Above all, it nurtures a global community for those in search of more information and helps gather in the fragments of crypto-Jewish communities around the world.
Photos and Videos from Crypto-Jewish Communities
(See separate Kulanu pages for Latin American communities and Italy)
Articles and Links
- Declarao de Recife Declaration of Recife (2018)
- International Conference On Bnei Anousim co-sponsored by Kulanu – Address by Bonita Nathan Sussman (2016)
- Israel Taking Major Steps to Reconnect Millions of Bnei Anousim to Jewish Nation Breaking Israel News 2015)
- El Salvador Jewish Community Emerges From Centuries of Isolation and Assimilation Rabbi Aaron Rehberg (2011)
- Miami woman tracks her hidden Jewish roots through 22 generations Miami Herald (External link – 2014)
- In southern Italy, long-lost Jews are returning to the fold Haaretz (External link – 2012)
- El Salvador Jewish Community Emerges From Centuries of Isolation and AssimilationRabbi Aaron Rehberg (2011)
- The Renaissance of the B’nai Anousim (Crypto-Jews) By Michael Freund (2010)
- Inquisition Descendants Face Challenges on Journey of Return to Judaism By Andrée Aelion Brooks (2010)
- Travels with Nancy By Nancy Cuevas Guzmán (2009)
- El Paso and Ruidoso: Centers of Learning for Anousim Harry Ezratty (2007)
- Introducing Raices Hebreos — A Colorado Anous Community Guillermo Lazo (2006)
- Fear and Shadows Michael Freund (2002)
- Return Stephen Gomes (2002)
- Departing Remarks Stephen Gomes (2002)
- “The Crypto Jews of Brazil: A Personal Account” Arthur Benveniste (1997)
- That “Marrano” word Karen Primack (1995)
- “Marranos” return to Judaism after 500 years Gil Kezmer (1994)
- Elizabethan “Marranos” Unmasked Charles Meyers
- “Marranos” Gloria Mound
- Anusim, Tshuba and Halakha Yafeu ibn Taom
- “Marrano” names Manuel Bravo
- The Rescue of the Portuguese “Marranos” book by David Augusto Canelo (1996)
- Fragile Branches: Travels Through the Jewish Diaspora book by James R. Ross
- The poetry and prose of Yehuda ha-Levi (website link)
- The Case of New Mexico’s “Hidden Jews” (website link)
- The Story of Secret and Forcibly Converted Jews (website link)
- Kulanu Resources for Remembering the Anousim on Tisha B’av Kulanu (2011)
- Memorializing the Spanish Inquisition on Tisha B’av: Resolution and Resources Rabbis Leon and Mejia (2010)
Links to Videos
- Introduction for Anousim (Spanish) (English) Genie Milgrom( 2019) – and put a link to the Spanish and English versions. Or if you prefer, Translate the title into Spanish, and list the video twice, once in Spanish and once in English.
Links to Anousim Web Sites
- Anusim Page of Schulamith Halevy (website link)
- Arthur Benveniste’s Home Page on Sephardic and Anousim History (website link)
- S&P Central: An Information Hub For Spanish & Portuguese/Western Sephardic Jewish Communities (website link)