Japanese Proclamation

Here is the full text of the Japanese proclamation, published in Shanghai newspapers on February 18, 1943

PROCLAMATION

Concerning Restriction of Residence and Business of Stateless Refugees

  1. Due to military necessity, places of residence and business of stateless refugees in the Shanghai area shall hereafter be restricted to the under mentioned area in the International Settlement. East of the line connecting Chaoufong Road, Muirhead Road and Dent Road; West of Yangtzepoo Creek; North of the line connecting East Seward Road and Wayside Road; and South of the boundary of the International Settlemen.
  2. The stateless refugees at present residing and/or carrying on business in the district other than the above area shall remove their places of residences and/or business into the area designated above by May 18, 1943.

    Permission must be obtained from the Japanese authorities for the transfer, sale purchase or lease of rooms, houses, shops or other establishments, which are situated outside the designated area and now being occupied or used by stateless refugees.

  3. Persons other than stateless refugees shall not remove into the area mentioned in Article I without permission of the Japanese authorities.
  4. Persons who violate the PROCLAMATION or obstruct its reenforcement shall be liable to severe punishment.

Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Army in the Shanghai Area.
February 18, 1943

A newspaper article which appeared at the same time defined the term stateless refugees as those refugees who “…arrived in Shanghai since 1937 from Germany (including former Austria, Czecho-Slovakia, Hungary, former Poland, Latvia, and Estonia, etc) and have no nationality at present.”

Copied from a book: Japanese, Nazis and Jews by David Kranzler. It was originally researched as a doctoral dissertation by him while at Yeshiva University. It probably was one of the earliest works on this subject, published in 1976.

Here are some of the books that have been published in recent years about the Shanghai Jews, mainly by Shanghai Jews:

  • Shanghai Refuge: A Memoir of the World War II Jewish Ghetto
    Ernest G. Heppner (Autobiography)
  • Once My Name was Sara
    Betty Grebenschikoff
  • Ghetto Shanghai
    Evelyn Pike Rubin
  • Escape to Shanghai
    James R. Ross (Biography)
  • Japanese, Nazis and Jews: The Jewish Refugee Community of Shanghai, 1938-1945
    David Kranzler (Historical research)
  • Letter from Vienna: A Daughter Uncovers Her Family’s Jewish Past
    Claudia Cornwall (Autobiography)
  • The Fugu Plan: The Untold Story Of The Japanese And The Jews During World War II
    Rabbi Marvin Tokayer. (Account of the Mir Yeshiva’s travels from Poland to Shanghai via Lithuania and Kobe)
  • Stranger Always: A Jewish Family in Wartime Shanghai
    Rena Krasno (Autobiography)
  • Youtai Ren Zai Shangai: The Jews in Shanghai
    Pan Guang (Pictorial History)

Walter H. Silberstein, whs @ mail . med . upenn . edu
Sat, 25 Oct 1997