Harbin is the capital of the modern province of Heilongjiang (literally Black Dragon River), People’s Republic of China. That province is one of three in the region of Dongbei (literally East-North), formerly known as Manchuria.
Harbin was originally a Manchu word meaning “a place for drying fishing nets”. Today the city is known for its magnificent winter ice and snow sculptures and is a thriving industrial center. It lies 642 air miles (1,033 km) north-northeast of Beijing, the Chinese capital, along the southern bank of the Songhua River (Sungari in Russian), a tributary of the Heilong River (Amur in Russian). The Heilong is one of the three major rivers in China and marks part of China’s northeastern border with Russia.
See a presentation here: http://www.shtetlinks.jewishgen.org/harbin/Jewish_Harbin.htm